Electric cars could make a huge dent in the world’s greenhouse gas emissions. But they still make a tiny 2 percent of cars on the road today. A big speed bump they face is the hour or so it takes to charge.

That could change, thanks to a new analysis by Pennsylvania State University researchers. They have come up with a address to charge lithium array in just 10 account for 200 to 300 miles of driving.

An electric car that can be answerable in the time it takes to fill a gas tank could jumpstart the EV market. “The 10-minute trend is for the future and is capital for acceptance of electric cartage because it solves the range all-overs problem,” said Chao-Yang Wang, a assistant of automated engineering at Penn State.

To charge a array rapidly, a large amount of energy has to be pumped into it in a short time. But that can cause lithium to drop on the battery’s electrode. This lithium plating decreases the battery’s achievement and lifespan, and even cause alarming short circuits.

The key behind the new charging address is heat. The advisers found that if they answerable a array at a high temperature of 60 degrees Celsius and then bound cool it, it answerable after plating in just 10 minutes. It is absolved at room temperature.

To get the short heating time and to analogously heat the battery, the team anchored a nickel foil in a lithium array cell as a heating element. The advisers could again charge the array like this over and over 2,500 times with the device losing only 8.3 percent of its charge-holding capacity. That far exceeds the U.S. Department of Energy target of 500 charging cycles with 20 percent loss. They appear the after-effects in the journal .

All the array cells that the advisers use are based on industrially banal electrodes and electrolytes. So the address should be easy to commercialize.