In 1900, so the story goes, arresting physicist Lord Kelvin addressed the British Association for the Advancement of Science with these words: “There is annihilation new to be apparent in physics now.”

How wrong he was. The afterward aeon absolutely turned physics on its head. A huge number of abstract and beginning discoveries have adapted our compassionate of the universe, and our place within it.

Don’t expect the next aeon to be any different. The cosmos has many mysteries that still remain to be baldheaded – and new technologies will help us to solve them over the next 50 years.

The first apropos the fundamentals of our existence. Physics predicts that the Big Bang produced equal amounts of the matter you are made of and article called antimatter. Most particles of matter have an antimatter twin, identical but with the adverse electric charge. When the two meet, they abate each other, with all their energy adapted into light.

But the cosmos today is made almost absolutely out of matter. So where has all the antimatter gone?

The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) has offered some acumen into this question. It collides protons at doubtful speeds, creating heavy particles of matter and antimatter that decay into lighter particles, several of which had never been seen before.

The LHC has shown that matter and antimatter decay at hardly altered rates. This goes part – but boilerplate near all – of the way to answer why we see an aberration in nature.

The botheration is that compared to the attention physicists are used to, the LHC is like arena table tennis with a tennis racquet. As protons are made up of abate particles, when they bang their belly get sprayed all over the place, making it much harder to spot new particles among the debris. This makes it difficult to accurately admeasurement their backdrop for added clues to why so much antimatter has disappeared.

Three new colliders will change the game in the coming decades. Chief among them is the Future Circular Collider (FCC) – a 100km tunnel encircling Geneva, which will use the 27km LHC as a slipway. Instead of protons, the colliders will smash calm electrons and their antiparticles, positrons, at much higher speeds than the LHC could achieve.

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