A German court today ordered former Volkswagen CEO Martin Winterkorn to stand trial on accuse of organized bartering fraud over his declared captivation in the ‘dieselgate’ emissions accouterment scandal.

In 2015 the US formally answerable Volkswagen with ambidexterity the US government and consumers after it was apparent assertive models claiming to use ‘clean diesel‘ technology used actionable software to cheat emissions tests.

Winterkorn and four bearding declared co-conspirators are answerable with the conception of a adult ‘defeat device’ to cover up for the fact that some 11 actor Volkswagen vehicles were non-compliant with emissions requirements.

The accuse come after Volkswagen‘s captivation in the case has ultimately been acclimatized – to the tune of more than $30 billion in total legal costs. Previously, Winterkorn faced simple fraud accuse but the court today opted to add organized bartering fraud.

Per German news outlet Deutsche Welle, the court issued the accuse with the afterward statement:

The alcove has bent that there is acceptable suspicion, that is, an cutting achievability of conviction, of the accused … for bartering and organized fraud.

Attorneys for Winterkorn have issued statements advertence he denies all accuse and Volkswagen‘s attorneys have common that the aggregation believes all parties are innocent until proven guilty. Winterkorn accommodated as CEO anon after news of the aspersion broke nearly five years ago to the day, but denied any captivation or wrong doing.

But addition came up with a fairly able way to keep Volkswagen‘s emissions-failing diesel cartage from declining its tests. The court alleges Winterkorn was aware of the cheat in 2014 and failed to stop it or acknowledge the problem.

Volkswagen was found out in 2014 when a group of advisers at West Virginia University tested the cartage and apparent they produced higher quantities of nitrous oxide than legal emissions standards would allow. This, subsequently, lead to the analysis of the actionable software.

Sean Szymkowski, a anchorman for Motor Authority, wrote the absolute account on how the defeat device works back in 2018:

The “defeat device” accepted if the car was on a dyno for, say, discharge testing, or if a human was active it on the road. How did it know this? If the car accustomed council input, like a driver administration the car in real life, the EGR systems performed basal work and the engine used a leaner air-to-fuel mixture. This bigger achievement and fuel abridgement significantly, but produced much more nitrous oxide (NOx). The NOx trap was also ineffective, which uses fuel to clean it. With more fuel available, ability also increased, but NOx levels did as well.

In accompanying news, Volkswagen was forced to sever ties with a Mexico City dealership Tuesday after it was apparent the business had acutely displayed adumbration of a “VW Bug” at a Nazi rally with several swastikas arresting in the picture. The dealership has since apologized (English adaptation below):

Volkswagen is a brand with values based on account and we do not abide manifestations of hatred and discrimination.

Read next: Apple is gluttonous amercement from Epic over Fortnite ban